Up to 10,00 black people, including 3,000 school children newly enrolled in freedmen's schools, mutual aid societies, Union troops, black preachers, and white northern missionaries – all marched down Charleston's main street to remember the fallen, to thank the fallen, to let the world know that there was a new dispensation in this now really united United States of America.
In 1868, General John Logan issued a special order that May 30, 1868 would forever be observed as “Decoration Day,” the first [official] Memorial Day. It was recognized as a day "for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village, and hamlet church-yard in the land."
The first few Memorial Day commemorations following Charleston's were not universally recognized or celebrated. But, the federal government began to set aside the first national cemeteries for those killed in the war, beginning with Confederate General Robert E. Lee's own home and expansive grounds at Arlington, Virginia.
Throughout the North, from New York to Michigan, Decoration Day slowly became an official holiday as the 1870s progressed.
... in the South, from each April to June, white women and little girls dressed in white and prayed under statues of Confederate heroes. They recounted war stories about their men who had been lost in the “The War Between The States,” “The War of Secession,” or sometimes ,“The Invasion of the North.” This is where and when the meme that “the South shall rise again,” that “state's rights” were not really “defeated” in the war and will some day resurge and win, began.
By the early 20th century, as America's imperial role in the world was developing, many surviving Civil War veterans, fearful of being forgotten, helped Memorial Day become a national holiday.
Norman Rockwell is gaining new respect as an 'artist' and his 'art', more than the work of any other artist, is appropriate to represent memorial day...
along with the 'literary art' above, aimed at history...