Cuban art is a very diverse cultural blend of African, South American, European and North American design reflecting the diverse demographic of the island.
Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (Chinese: 林飛龍; pinyin: Lín Fēilóng; December 8, 1902 – September 11, 1982), better known as Wifredo Lam, was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life.
Amelia Pelaez (Cuban, 1896–1968) studied at the San Alejandro Academy of Fine Arts of Havana, then went to Paris to continue her studies. Upon her return to Cuba, Pelaez became an active member of the Cuban modern art movement, influencing the break from the traditional painting styles. She participated in the 1944 Modern Cuban Painters exhibition at MoMA in New York, the 1951 and 1957 Sao Paulo Biennials, and the 1952 Venice Biennial. In 1968 Cuba awarded her the Orden nacional “30 aiios dedicados al arte.”