These artifacts are among the oldest known artifacts from the Neolithic period, which changed the face of the world… “These are the people who were responsible for the greatest revolution in human history. They are the ones who carried out the agricultural revolution, whose importance cannot be exaggerated. Basically, we all owe our way of life to them. They were the first permanent settlers, the ancestors of civilization.”
Hershman believes the masks were modeled on skulls, not living people, which explains the tiny nose, the bared teeth and the lack of lips or eyes. She also conjectures that they were modeled on specific individuals, noting differences in the facial features.
She also concluded that the masks were intended to be worn over the face, in other words, they were meant to be used and not just placed on a pole or a statue."
"The Neolithic period is also important because it is when we first find good evidence for religious practice, a perpetual inspiration for the fine arts. Perhaps most fascinating are the plaster skulls found around the area of the Levant, at six sites, including Jericho in Israel. At this time in the Neolithic, c. 7000-6,000 B.C.E., people were often buried under the floors of homes, and in some cases their skulls were removed and covered with plaster in order to create very life-like faces, complete with shells inset for eyes and paint to imitate hair and moustaches."
To provide context in human history, religious history and art history; King Solomon is estimated to have lived around 3,000 years ago and Abraham lived slightly more than 4,000 years ago. Also, we must note that neolithic people didn't have a written language which started with Sumer in Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium BCE, so understanding is largely interpretation.