Fractal art is a form of algorithmic art created by calculating fractal objects and representing the calculation results as still images, animations, and media. Fractal artdeveloped from the mid-1980s onwards. It is a genre of computer art and digital artwhich are part of new media art.
The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces.
Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
American Mathematical Society
Back in the 1960's, a French mathematician named Benoit Mandelbrot started thinking about simple pretty simple: How long is the coast of Britain? Sure, it seems easy enough... But, think about how you'd really measure it... Would you fly over the coast in an airplane and measure how far you flew? Or would you take a ruler (or meter stick) and get down on your hands and knees and crawl around the edge? It would be different! In 1975, he made up the word "fractal" because he thought these figures would look fractured or broken up. It wasn't until he had a computer that he could SEE a picture of what he'd been thinking about!